Effects of Free Day Secondary Education Policy on Academic Performance of Rural Public Day Secondary Schools in Kilifi County, Kenya

  • Jorry Olang'o Pwani University
  • Joseph Malechwanzi Pwani University
  • Susan Murage Pwani University
  • Lorna Amuka Pwani University
Keywords: educational policies, enrolment, school resources, school performance

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to investigate the influence of Free Day Secondary Education (FDSE) policy on academic Performance of Rural Public Day Secondary Schools (RPDSS) in Kilifi County, Kenya. The study adopted descriptive survey research design and a sample of 375 subjects was considered sufficient. Structured questionnaires and interview schedules were used to collect data from principals, teachers, and education directors. Data on performance and enrolment were collected through document analysis. Reliability of the instruments was ascertained through test and retest method that yielded a correlation coefficient of 0.83, an indication of reliable instruments. The study found out that there was a decrease in school mean score between 2003-2007 and 2013-2017. There was a strong positive correlation (r = 0.93) between enrollment and poor performance. Further, learning resources and student finances were inadequate. The study recommends a reduction in class size, timely disbursement and increased students’ capitation.

Author Biographies

Jorry Olang'o, Pwani University

Jorry Olang’o holds a Master's degree in Educational Economics from Pwani University, Kenya. He is currently a full-time lecturer at Pwani University and his research focuses on economics of education. Email: j.olango@pu.ac.ke

Joseph Malechwanzi, Pwani University

Joseph Malechwanzi holds a PhD in Educational Economics and Management from Huazhong University of Science and Technology, China, and received a Master’s in Educational Planning from the University of Nairobi, Kenya. He is currently a full-time lecturer at Pwani University Kenya and his research focuses on student engagement and development, educational policies, leadership, finance. He has authored seven journal articles, three books, two book chapters and has reviewed numerous manuscripts in peer refereed journals. Email: j.muthiani@pu.ac.ke.

Susan Murage, Pwani University

Susan Murange holds a PhD and a Master's in Educational Administration from the University of Nairobi, Kenya. She is currently a full-time lecturer at Pwani University Kenya and her research focuses on educational administration. Email: s.mwaka@pu.ac.ke

Lorna Amuka, Pwani University

Lorna Amuka holds a PhD in Educational Planning from Maseno University, Kenya and her research interest is Educational Planning. Email: l.amuka@pu.ac.ke

Published
2021-03-19
How to Cite
Olang’o, J., Malechwanzi, J., Murage, S., & Amuka, L. (2021). Effects of Free Day Secondary Education Policy on Academic Performance of Rural Public Day Secondary Schools in Kilifi County, Kenya. Journal of Learning for Development , 8(1), 192-203. Retrieved from https://jl4d.org/index.php/ejl4d/article/view/421