The Two Solitudes of Educational Policy and the Challenge of Development
AbstractPolicy makers are challenged to improve educational outcomes, manage scarce resources and secure public acceptance of their initiatives to provide quality, relevant and effective education. In making decisions they are pulled between competing ideologies about the process and purposes of schooling. This paper explores these ideologies and suggests tensions between them. The paper also suggests a way forward for those seeking to established evidence based, context sensitive policies and practices
Ash, P.BZ. 2014 OECD – Poverty Explains 46% of PISA Scores. Education Week, March 28th Retrieved from http://blogs.edweek.org/edweek/assessing_the_assessments/2014/03/poverty_PISA_scores.html?r=214197038&preview=1 (Accessed July 10th 2014).
Birdsall, N. (1999) Globalization and the Developing Countries: The Inequality Risk. Remarks at Overseas Development Council Conference, Making Globalization Work, International Trade Center, Washington, D.C., March 18 available at http://www.econ.yale.edu/alumni/reunion99/birdsall.htm (Accessed 26th October 2013).
Darling-Hammond, L. (2010) The Flat World and Education – How America’s Commitment to Equity Will Determine our Future. New York: Teachers College Press.
Duncan, G. & Murnane, R. (2011). Whither Opportunity? Rising Inequality and the Uncertain Life Chances of Low-Income Children. New York City: Russell Sage.
Engel, A. (2007) Exposing The Myths of High Stakes Testing. Blog Post Available at http://www.angelaengel.com/high-stakes-testing/12-exposing-the-myths (accessed 24th October 2013)
Giddins, A. (1998) The Third Way. London: Polity.
Goldman, L. (2013) The Life of R H Tawney. London: Bloomsbury.
Hargreaves, A. and Shirley, D. (2009) The Fourth Way – The Inspiring Future for Educational Change. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
Hanushek, E. and Wöβman, L. (2010) Education and Economic Growth. In Paterson, P., Baker, E. McGaw, B. [eds] International Encyclopaedia of Education (Volume II). Oxford: Elsevier at pages 245-252. Available at http://hanushek.stanford.edu/publications/education-and-economic-growth (Retrieved August 25th 2014).
Klein, N. (2007) The Shock Doctrine. New York: Metropolitan Press.
Lincove, J. A. (2009) Are Markets Good for Girls? The World Bank and Neoliberal Reforms in Developing Countries. Whitehead Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations, Winter/Spring pages 59-75.
Microsoft (2006) Strategies for Learning and Skills Development in Emerging Markets. Redmond, WA: Microsoft Corporation.
Murgatroyd, S. and Couture, J-C. (2013) Rethinking Equity – Creating a Great School for All. New York: Lulu Press.
Murgatroyd, S. (2010) Wicked Problems and the Work of the School. Journal of Educational Change, Vol. 45(2), pages 259-279.
OECD (2010) Policy Brief – Ten Steps to Equity in Education. Paris: OECD.
OECD (2013) OECD Guidelines on Measuring Subjective Well Being. Paris: OECD.
Ravitch, D. (2013) Reign of Error: The Hoax of the Privatization Movement and the Danger to America’s Public Schools. New York: Knopf.
Sahlberg, P. (2006) Educational Reform for Raising Economic Competitiveness. Journal of Educational Change, Volume 7, pages 259-287.
Sahlberg, P. (2015) Finnish Lessons – What Can the World Learn from Educational Change in Finland? [2nd Edition] New York: Teachers College Press.
Sanchez, A. (2010) The Education Shock Doctrine – Disaster Schooling. International Socialist Review, Issue 71 available at http://isreview.org/issue/71/education-shock-doctrine (Retrieved 10th August 2014).
Tooley, J and Dixon, P (2005) Private Education in Good for the Poor – A Study of Private Schools Serving the Poor in Low Income Countries. Washington, DC: Cato Institute (mimeo).
UNESCO (1996) Learning – The Treasures Within. Report to UNESCO from the Commission on Education for the Twenty First Century (Delors Commission Report). Paris: UNESCO.
Vandenberghe, V. (1999) Combining Market and Bureaucratic control in Education: an answer to market and bureaucratic failure? Comparative Education Volume 35 pages 277-8.
Verger, A. and Altinyelken, H.K. (2013) Global Education Reforms and the Management of Teachers – A Critical Introduction. In Verger, A., Altinyelken, H. and de Koning, M. [eds] (2013) Global Managerial Reforms and Teachers – Emerging Policies, Controversies and Issues in Developing Contexts. Amsterdam: Education International Research Institute.
World Bank (2011) Learning for All – Investing in Peoples Knowledge and Skills for Development. Washington, DC: World Bank.
Copyright (c) 2016 Journal of Learning for Development - JL4D
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).