Online Learning as an Alternative Learning Modality in Ecuador’s Education Institutions Amidst Crises and Outbreaks: A SWOT Analysis




COVID-19 pandemic, educational technology, e-learning, teaching method, virtual education


The primary objective of this paper is to analyse the weaknesses, threats, strengths, and opportunities (SWOT matrix analysis) of online teaching and learning in educational institutions (primary, secondary, and higher education) in Ecuador during the COVID-19 pandemic. A qualitative study of the descriptive documentary type was conducted, where the information obtained from virtual education in times of crisis and outbreaks was collected and analysed. It was found that educational centers at different levels of schooling still continued to use traditional teaching methods and processes subject to old procedures as a basis for their incursion into virtuality, although other establishments began to handle combined modalities such as blended and hybrid online (e-learning) modes of learning. In conclusion, the deadly coronavirus disease (SARS-COV-2) abruptly halted much human activity worldwide. This forced hesitant educational systems that still used traditional face-to-face teaching methods in classrooms to move and change to online learning in many regions, regardless of the socioeconomic level and demographics of the students. Aside from determining how to deal with the problems and challenges of virtual education during epidemics and natural disasters, it is clear that the number of technology-driven educational start-ups has increased significantly.

Author Biographies

Ángel Geovanny Rochina-Chisag , Ministerio de Educación

Ángel Geovanny Rochina Chisag, MCE, is a full-time doctoral candidate in computer engineering at the Buenos Aires Institute of Technology, Argentina. He is a computer systems engineer from the State University of Bolívar — UEB, Ecuador, and has a Master's degree in computer engineering from the Open University of Catalonia — UOC, Spain.  He is also a full-time independent researcher and his topics of interest are studies in rural education, the use of ICT, software engineering, testing, program repair, and software models. Email: 

Almighty Cortezo Tabuena, Philippine Normal University

Almighty Cortezo Tabuena, NEE LPT, PMEC, LSSWBC, CASF, ISA, Ph.D. (h.c.), is currently affiliated with the Philippine Normal University, Manila, Philippines. He is also an Associate Member of the National Research Council of the Philippines (NRCP), Chief Executive Officer and Founding President of the Academic Course Tutorial Online Education Inc., and the Founding Editor-in-Chief of the International Journal of Academic and Practical Research, with an ISSN (Online): 2980-4124. He was conferred an honorary degree, Doctor of Philosophy in Education, honoris causa, from Theophany University, Haiti. His research work focuses on action and classroom-based research, assessment and evaluation, culture and the arts, material development, educational research, and music. Email: 



How to Cite

Rochina-Chisag, Ángel G., & Tabuena, A. C. (2022). Online Learning as an Alternative Learning Modality in Ecuador’s Education Institutions Amidst Crises and Outbreaks: A SWOT Analysis. Journal of Learning for Development, 9(3), 475–491.



Research Articles
Received 2022-03-27
Accepted 2022-10-25
Published 2022-11-21