Technology leadership and ICT use: Strategies for Capacity Building for ICT integration.

  • Felix Mndenyi Mwawasi The Aga Khan University, Institute for Educational Development - Eastern Africa.


Technology leadership is a fairly new concept in school leadership focus. It has become a concern for study in recent times, in tandem with the pedagogical change of  integrating ICT in teaching and learning especially in the developed nations. However, few such studies have been done in Africa. A number of studies in the developed countries have advanced descriptive approaches on how Educators should go about the using of ICT in education. Teachers, therefore, need to have prerequisite skills to integrate ICT in teaching and learning and school leaders have a role in enabling the effective use of ICTs. This study aimed at investigating how school leaders help build capacities of teachers to be able to effectively integrate ICT in their teaching and learning, at school level, in a public secondary school in Kenya. Using a qualitative case study approach, five school leaders involved in the capacity building, were purposively sampled for interviews, four teachers were engaged in a Focus Group Discussion and two teachers were observed engaged in classroom practice. Further data was obtained by analysing official school documents. The data analysed indicate the school leaders facilitated increased access to ICT facilities to the teachers and supported them, alongside training, to enable them explore various ways of integrating ICT in teaching and learning.

Author Biography

Felix Mndenyi Mwawasi, The Aga Khan University, Institute for Educational Development - Eastern Africa.
Educational Leadership and Management.


Anderson, R., & Dexter, S. (2005). School Technology Leadership: An Empirical Investigation of Prevalence and Effect. Educational Administration Quarterly, 41(1), 49–82. doi:10.1177/0013161X04269517

Anderson, R., & Dexter, S. (2000). School Technology Leadership: Incidence and Impact ( No. 6). I.T. in Education. UC Irvin: Center for Research on Information and Organisations. Retrieved from

Bennett, N., Wise, C., Woods, P. A., & Harvey, J. A. (2003). Distributed leadership: A review of literature (pp. 1–57). National College for School Leadership. Retrieved from

Brown, B. (2009). Technology Leadership: Definition of Educational Technology. Technology Leadership. Blog. Retrieved April 2, 2012, from

Carlson, S. (2002). The Missing Link in Educational Technology : Trained Teachers. TechKnowLogia, 4(4), 7-11. Retrieved from

Chang, I. H., Chin, J. M., & Hsu, C. M. (2008). Teachers’ Perceptions of the Dimensions and Implementation of Technology Leadership of Principals in Taiwanese Elementary Schools. Educational Technology & Society, 11(4), 229–245.

Flanagan, L., & Jacobsen, M. (2003). Technology leadership for the twenty-first century principal. Journal of Educational Administration, 41(2), 124–142. doi: 10.1108/09578230310464648

Harris, A. (2001). Building the Capacity for School Improvement. School Leadership & Management, 21(3), 261–270. doi:10.1080/13632430120074419

Matachi, A. (2006). Capacity Building Framework. UNESCO-IICBA. United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Retrieved from

Ng, W. K., Miao, F., & Lee, M. (2009). Capacity-building for ICT integration in education (Review). Digital Review of Asia Pacific 2009-2010. Retrieved from

Plano Clark, V., & Creswell, J. (2008). Student study guide to accompany Creswell’s educational research: planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research (3rd ed.). Upper Saddle River N.J.: Pearson Education.

SchoolNet Africa. (2004). Towards a Strategy on Developing African Teacher Capabilities in the Use of Information and Communication Technology ( ICT ). October (pp. 1-71). Retrieved July 7, 2012, from Documents/pub_ 04Towards_Strategy_Africa.pdf

Xaba, M. (2006). The difficulties of school development planning. South African Journal of Education, 26(1), 15-26.

How to Cite
Mwawasi, F. M. (2014). Technology leadership and ICT use: Strategies for Capacity Building for ICT integration. Journal of Learning for Development , 1(2). Retrieved from
Research Articles