Feasibility of Open Schooling in Disturbed Societies: The Case of Afghanistan


  • Sushmita Mitra




Conflict and Insecurity, Open Schooling, Gender Equality Index


Most countries have enshrined right to education in their constitution but in reality to fulfil this commitment countries do face a number of challenges. And this is true with the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, which unlike other countries has a long history of war, conflicts, insurgency and hence insecurity. Although there have been positive steps towards rehabilitation of the education system and signs of promises can be seen in its achievements, access to quality education remains inequitable particularly across the provinces as a result of remoteness and geographical isolation, harsh climate, insecurity which impedes growth and sustainability of access points, high gender gap in all sectors of education particularly from lower secondary stage to higher stages of education, poor infrastructure prevalent in most schools, untrained teachers and low number of female teachers affecting participation, retention and continuity of studies.

This paper highlights the current school educational status in Afghanistan to reveal the daunting challenges still existing to confront for the country to achieve its constitutional goals. It will also points out how Open schooling system can take charge of the challenges in Afghanistan to provide a channel of educational opportunities to those who cannot and do not go to school particularly the girls and women. 



This article was orginally presented in: The International Conference on Education for All: Role of Open Schooling, 13th -15th March 2013, New Delhi)

Author Biography

Sushmita Mitra

Ex Director (Student Support Services)

National Institute of Open Schooling, India



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Ministry of Education, National Education Strategic Plan (2010-2014), Kabul

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How to Cite

Mitra, S. (2014). Feasibility of Open Schooling in Disturbed Societies: The Case of Afghanistan. Journal of Learning for Development, 1(2). https://doi.org/10.56059/jl4d.v1i2.13



Invited Articles
Received 2013-11-05
Accepted 2013-11-22
Published 2014-03-13